New Book!

 

 

Charles Elden Kingston 

With the New Year, 1935, Charles W. Kingston’s life would be forever changed due to the spiritual encounter that his son Elden described.  Charles provided this background: “[Elden Kingston] had learned that it was necessary for a person to live the law of consecration... in order to earn the favor and protection of the Lord.  So he made a list of all of his property and all his money and went to a man who he believed had the authority to accept the consecrations of the people and offered to turn everything in to this man.[1]  This man said: ‘If we had five men like you who were willing and anxious to turn their property in, if we had five men like you we could start the United Order, but we haven’t even got one.’“[2]  Elden was greatly disappointed that the man he had selected to lead and preside in a new united order had refused.  He puzzled where to find a qualified man:  

Could even the Lord start such an order without such a man as the head and with such a person to lead out?  If the law required such a man and he was the only one to be found who had a desire to do it, whom would the Lord chose?  Where would he [Elden] go to find him?  How simple?

[Elden Kingston] having gone to this man and been refused, next went on top of the mountain and asked the Lord what to do B he went there in fasting and prayer and the Lord did answer that prayer.  The Lord gave him the Covenant of Consecration and told him to go down and dedicate his little granary as a store-house to the Lord and to put his property and goods in that storehouse and be ready to share those things with those He was going to send to enjoy these blessings with him.  He also told him to put his family under the covenant He had renewed by having them take this covenant of consecration.[3]

 

Elden Kingston circa 1940

           “Brother Elden received a new covenant up on the top of the highest mountain that is east of Bountiful, Utah.  When the Lord chose Brother Elden through which to send this new covenant, all other covenants were thereby dissolved.  This means all other covenants were of no effect through which source they can.  (The Church lost its authority to give covenants.)...  Satan will try to stop the power of the Lord and that power is where the Lord has given his covenant of consecration and that is: to the Davis County Co-op of Bountiful, Utah.  It is the power of God through the law or covenant of consecration given to Brother Elden in 1935.”[4]  “The Church... lost the priesthood which had come down to them from the Prophet Joseph Smith....  Brother Elden had received a new dispensation of the gospel of Jesus Christ... [The Lord] had to institute another New and Everlasting Covenant which he gave to another 25 year old boy on the highest mountain east of Bountiful on the first day of the year, 1935...  Elden received the covenant of consecration and also the plan of temporal salvation.”[5]  Reportedly, the LDS Church was so apostate that it “could not be set in order, but the church had changed and was likened to a Catholic Church.”[6] 

The Co-op, the “Law of Satisfaction,” and Numbered Individuals

 After his January 1, 1935 theophany, Elden Kingston began teaching phenomenal new doctrines, previously unheard of in the restoration.  He considered his message to comprise “the greatest responsibility that has ever been put on men and women in the flesh.”[7]

Foremost among his teachings were three new doctrines.  First involved a new dispensation of priesthood keys and authority to him personally.  Elden taught that he alone received priesthood keys from heavenly messengers in the mountains east of Bountiful, Utah.  Second, Elden instructed his followers regarding a new law that transcended any law given through Joseph Smith called the “Law of Satisfaction”:  “Now brothers and sisters; what about this authority, or all these keys which govern the actions of all of us connected with this law, THE LAW OF SATISFACTION: The Law which stands up in the center and all others are hinged around it?  All other things, all other connections to this Law are regulated by the keys of power...  I have those keys of power... (emphasis in original)”[8] 

Third,  Elden described the hierarchy of his religious organization and the discipline that was required of all participants.  He explained that the members and leaders in the group would be designated by numbers: “Brother #1,” “Brother #2,” “Brother #3,” etc.  Sister’s were designated with the same number as their husbands, then with a second number indicating whether they were his first, second, or third wife etc. After that date, formal names were still sometimes used, but minutes kept from religious meetings, commonly refer to male participants to as “No. 18, No. 11, No. 4” etc. or as “Stan #8” and Women as “Sister 35, 1.”[9]  Elden, as the leader, was considered “Brother #1.”  The numbers reflected a ruling or governing order within the organization: “Every individual... no matter what authority, standing or station he is in, is responsible to the one above him in exactly the same way as if that individual was the Savior himself...  We must look at the one above us in the same light as we look at the Savior.  In other words, the Savior’s blood is there, we are PART OF HIM.”[10]  As number one in the hierarchy, Elden reined supreme on earth: “I have those keys of power. You are bound to me just the same as if I was the HIGHEST GOD IN THE HEAVENS, and you, if you can walk straight, will work with me that way.”[11] 

This doctrine places immense importance on honoring all participants with lower numbers (i.e. are higher in the hierarchy).  Charles W. Kingston explained that “a man will be judged by the way he treats the Lord’s Brethren...  There is a more choice class of brothers [and] sisters in this law [that] are tied together by bonds much stronger than the ties of kinship, because they are joined together into an eternal brotherhood that is eternal and one which is not broken apart at death, because it is joined together by the Holy Spirit of promise, the link that is everlasting and eternal.  This refers to the Law of Satisfaction of the law of one above the other or in other words, the Law of the Holy Priesthood.”[12]

Disobeying someone who is higher up carries dire consequences. Charles elaborated:  “Every time anyone makes a false judgement of the one above him, [it allows Satan to come in]...  No one can escape the penalty, unless they repent of their folly and make right their transgression.  If the penalty is spiritual, the penalty may take years to appear, but it can continue down from generation to generation among the children.”[13]  Carol Owen Brown, Elden’s first cousin, remembered that in 1940, Elden taught his followers “to use caution in pushing too hard for something we want from the one above us.”[14] 

In a paper circulated among co-op participants written after Elden’s 1948 death entitled, “The Law of Satisfaction to Me,” Brown also expounded: 

“The very minute we displease, or question the purposes of, or disobey the one placed above us, we cause a break, like a cut in the bark of a tree, and lose a portion of this blood, which takes extra effort to regain.  If we lose too much, just as with a branch of a tree when it loses sap, we will cause our spiritual death.  Also we are shedding the innocent blood of those above us, which is flowing clear from Christ to us.  Thereby, ‘Assent unto His death’ as Bro. Elden quoted...

When we question the purposes or instructions of the one above us, we question his portion of that spirit power flowing from Christ, and it’s the same as questioning Christ.  Because we have no way of knowing who gave the instruction to start with, him, the one above him, or even up to Christ.  Also, he was placed in his position over us, because he had earned it and has the backing of Christ in whatever he does.  As long as he is sustained in his position above you, the mistakes of the one directly over you, are none of your business, so, as far as you are concerned, he is as perfect as Christ.  If he needs correcting, it will be done WHEN the one above him decides it’s time to correct him...

It’s very important to know WHO is directly over you...  Bro. Ortell [Kingston - Elden’s brother - is] over all on the earth at this time...

Whenever we by-pass the person DIRECTLY over us and go to someone above him for instructions, we deprive the one directly over us of the growth of a portion of that blood flowing through im to us, and also make it very hard for him to run his stewardship right...

Whenever YOU are put in charge of a job by anyone above you, no matter how small, you automatically have the keys of power and authority, or the right to a portion of that spiritual blood flowing through you, to whatever or whomever you are in charge.  (Emphasis in original.)[15] 

Charles explained: “Brother Elden taught that this law [of satisfaction] is administered from above so any [men in superior] offices should be considered innocent as far as the one working under him is concerned.  If the man ever is guilty of breaking the law, the one above him will handle his case and if his offense is serious enough the one above will dismiss him.”[16]

Within the Law of Satisfaction, individuals who receive numbers constitute an “inner circle” of favored and privileged participants.  Apparently since 1935, not everyone who joined the order was eligible to receive a number.  Reportedly by 2006, up to eighty numbers had been assigned.[17]  The first ten men to received numbers in 1935 were: Number One - Elden Kingston; Number Two - Clyde Gustafson; Number Three - Burke Frandsen; Number Four - Marion Brown; Number Five - Charles W. Kingston; Number Six -  Bill Whitman; Number Seven - Perry Frandsen; Number Eight - John Ortell Kingston; Number Nine Otto Holm;[18] Number Ten - George Pharasm, a Washikee Indian.[19]

The numbers are described as being non-transferable.  That is, when the person died, his number was retired.  However, Number Nine appears to have been reassigned twice, going from Otto Holm to Cecil Frandsen (who left the order) to Paul Kingston, the current leader.[20]  Apparently Number Ten was also reassigned to Merlin Kingston.

Soon after receiving his revelations regarding the law of consecration, Elden organized, a Co-op arrangement in Bountiful, Utah with several other families.  Elden’s father Charles contributed all his resources to the co-op.  In 1960 he wrote a prayer, in which he reviewed his own personal sacrifices: “When thy servant Brother Elden did receive a commission to establish the United Order and the keys and knowledge as how to do these things I did sell my home and drew my money out of the bank and did give all the funds received by me and placed them in the storehouse of the Lord for the poor and needy of the earth whom thou dids’t send to us.”[21]

In 1941, six years after starting the Co-op, Elden formally registered it with the state of Utah, naming it the Davis County Cooperative Society.  Their articles of incorporation state their purpose: “To establish the long-looked-for ideal condition known as the Golden Rule ‘Do unto others as you would have others do unto you.’  To abolish war and bloodshed of all kinds...  To bring about the condition so that all incorporators are self-sustaining by means of their own labors which labors are performed in perfect harmony with all other incorporators.  To establish peace, good-will, and brotherly love between all men as well as all incorporators.  To obtain, operate, and own lands, homes, factories, equipment, machinery of production and raw materials; all for the purpose of producing the every day necessities and comforts of life for the incorporators...  The corporation shall produce goods and services to be used by members, and to be exchanged with and sold to other cooperatives and the public for other goods, services, or cash.”[22]

Kingston tradition teaches that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints copied Elden’s design to create its own welfare plan.  Charles wrote [don’t know when]: “The Church sent three men out to brother Elden’s home.  Brother Elden explained the plan to them.  From these interviews the Church Security Plan [later called the Church Welfare Plan] was born...  It is my conviction that it was a revelation given to my son Charles Elden Kingston, who revealed this to those three men that the church sent to see and talk to Brother Elden that fateful day .”[23] 

The Source of Elden Kingston’s Priesthood Authority? 

In researching the source of Elden Kingston’s priesthood authority, two questions emerge:  Did Elden Kingston teach that he received priesthood keys from J. Leslie Broadbent by being his “Second Elder,” or did Elden claim to have received a new dispensation of the gospel and keys directly from heaven? 

Several sources suggest that Elden affirmed that he had received priesthood authority from Broadbent.[24]  Charles wrote of the puzzling event: “Brother J.L. Broadbent sent for Brother C. Elden Kingston to come to see him and he told him he wanted to confer the Melchizedek Priesthood upon him which he did.  This was sometime in the latter part of the year 1934.  Brother Broadbent was the next man in the line from Brother Lorin Woolley and acting under his [Woolley’s]  direction.  What was in the ordination other than this I do not know for I was not present.  My son told me of it soon after it happened” (italics mine).[25]  It appears that Elden never clarified this issue, for Kingston believers even today give conflicting reports.[26]

An undated paper entitled “RECORD OF PRIESTHOOD AUTHORITY Melchizedek” found in Charles W. Kingston’s autobiography traces Charles W. Kingston’s authority through J. Leslie Broadbent.  The paper lists his line of authority backwards: “Charles W. Kingston, Charles Elden Kingston [son of Charles W.], Leslie Broadbent, Lorin C. Woolley, Brigham Young, Joseph Smith, Peter, James and John.”[27]  Curiously, John Taylor, who allegedly ordained Woolley, is missing from this priesthood line. 

The Kingstons were close friends of J. Leslie Broadbent 

However, other documents authored by Charles and Elden suggest that the keys to the priesthood had vanished from the earth in 1934, with the death of Lorin C. Woolley.  Consistent with a few other Mormon fundamentalists, Charles W. Kingston spoke of three different sets of keys: The keys of the kingdom, the keys of the patriarchal order, and the keys of the presidency of the Church.  While priesthood keys are mentioned in scripture and in LDS Church history, they are never separated from each other in ordinations.  It appears that Mormon fundamentalists are the only ones to make such distinctions.

Regardless, Charles wrote of a rather complicated sequence of events, explaining how all three sets of the keys he mentioned were independently lost.  He believed that the keys of the kingdom came to John W. Woolley and then to Lorin C. Woolley through the 1886 ordinations Lorin described.  Besides those keys, Charles also wrote of how Patriarch John Smith had given the patriarchal keys to John W. Woolley to “hold in trust” until the presiding Church Patriarch took a plural wife.  Charles taught:  “When [Church Patriarch] Hyrum G. Smith failed to qualify, Brother John W. Woolley conferred these keys to the Patriarchal order upon his son Lorin C. Woolley to hold in trust until one of the rightful heirs could qualify.”[28]  How any person could hold patriarchal keys “in trust” is a mystery not explained in any fundamentalist writing that I have encountered.

Charles believed that prior to his death, Lorin never passed on these two sets of keys. “Lorin C. Woolley was in a coma for about six months before his death in 1934...” Charles wrote.  “[Woolley followers] told me they had one of their number at the bedside of Lorin C. Woolley every hour of the day and night hoping he might wake up and confer these keys upon one of their group before he died.  But the fact was he never regained consciousness.  But died without conferring the keys.”[29]  According to Charles view, Lorin took both the keys to the Patriarchal order and the keys to the Kingdom with him when he died.

The keys to the Presidency of the Church were supposedly lost with the death of Joseph F. Smith in 1918.  Charles recorded that sometime before his 1887 death, John Taylor instructed Joseph F. Smith saying: “Joseph, you will yet be the President of the Church.  The keys of the presidency will come to you through the line of succession.  Do not confer these keys on anyone but take them with you to the other world when you go.”[30]

These elaborate explanations, which are without any historical documentation and plainly contradict historical evidences already presented in this book, have apparently satisfied many Kingston followers over the years.  Aditionally from a doctrinal standpoint, they conveniently argue for the need of a new prophet to arise and a new dispensation of the gospel to be sent from heaven.  Elden apparently taught that on January 1, 1935, he received a visit from heavenly messengers and single-handedly received divine authority.  Yet it appears he left no formal testimony to that effect.  If he did, it has not been widely circulated.

Second hand sources tell us that Elden received his lofty ordination and that he was alone.[31]  However, LDS scripture teaches that “in the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established” (D&C 6:28, 2 Corinthians 13:1).  When important priesthood ordinations occurred, at least two witnesses were present. For the bestowal of the Aaronic priesthood (D&C 13:1), the Melchizedek priesthood (D&C 27:12), and important keys of the Priesthood (D&C 110:11-13), both Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were there bearing witness.  Elden’s solo experience receiving the priesthood keys and authority is truly singular and contrasts the pattern previously given by the Lord for important priesthood conferrals - that is, that more than one witness will be available.

While Charles W. Kingston referred to his son’s work as “the beginning of the second part of the dispensation of the fulness of times,”[32] it appears that Elden was actually claiming a whole new dispensation of the gospel through himself.  The restored gospel teaches that through the Prophet Joseph Smith, the Lord dispensed from heaven, truths and authorities that had been previously lost from the earth, which could then be dispensed to the entire world through missionary efforts.  Apostle Orson F. Whitney explained “[A dispensation] stands for the opening of the heavens and the sending forth of the Gospel and the Priesthood for purposes of salvation.”[33] (see D&C 124:41).  John Taylor elaborated: “We have had in the different ages various dispensations; for instance what may be called the Adamic dispensation, the dispensation of Noah, the dispensation of Abraham, the dispensation of Moses... the dispensation of Jesus Christ... and in and through those various dispensations, certain principles, powers, privileges and priesthoods have been developed.”[34]  According to Kingston teachings, the dispensation of Elden Kingston began 1935, which is a remarkable assertion.

          Believing that Elden received lost priesthood keys in 1935 seems to contradict an 1837 scripture that states that the priesthood had then (1837) been restored “for the last time”: “For unto you, the Twelve, and those, the First Presidency, who are appointed with you to be your counselors and your leaders, is the power of this priesthood given, for the last days and for the last time, in the which is the dispensation of the fulness of times (D&C 112:30; see also D&C 27:13).  According to Kingston teachings, this scripture should not be taken too literally and all of the efforts commenced through Joseph Smith came to a dead halt in 1934, necessitating Elden Kingston to initiate a new dispensation.  Elden introduced the Law of Satisfaction to the world and taught that it was: “The Law which stands up in the center and all others are hinged around it” and that “All other things, all other connections to this Law are regulated by the keys of power.”  Then he added: “I have those keys of power.”[35]  Since the Law of Satisfaction was unheard of prior to 1935, it is unclear how those “keys of power” relate to the priesthood keys restored to Joseph Smith or the keys described by Charles W. Kingston: the keys of the kingdom, the keys of the patriarchal order, and the keys of the presidency of the Church.

For Elden to claim a new dispensation is confusing because the word “dispensation” refers to two processes.  First the truth and the priesthood keys are dispensed from heaven to a prophet on earth.  Second, that prophet organizes his followers into missionary forces that dispense the truth to all the world and utilize the priesthood to perform saving ordinances.  The Kingston group stopped proselytizing new converts when the cooperative became successful, today performing no missionary work of any kind.   

Questions Regarding the United Order Cooperative 

According to Kingston doctrine, it appears that the primary function of the restored gospel is to allow individuals to participate in a united order like the Davis County Cooperative Society.  Charles Kingston explained: “No matter if one be a high priest, a seventy, or an apostle or a priest or deacon, or if one has apostatized, or been cut off the church or if he be a humble member, all will be in the same class in that [judgment] day as unfit to be numbered with the people of God UNLESS THEY HAVE SUBSCRIBED TO THE LAW WHICH THE SAVIOR INTRODUCED TO THE RICH YOUNG MAN, who said he had kept all the commandments from his youth up.  ‘If thou would be perfect, sell all they goods and give it to the poor and come and follow me’“ (emphasis in original).[36]  This extreme view of the Savior’s counsel implies that consecrating a person’s material resources is the ultimate sacrifice in every case, at any time, throughout the world.  Reflecting this position over the decades since 1935, the co-op has accepted contributions from its members, becoming a financial monolith ever expanding and growing in riches.

However, the law of consecration has a purpose beyond self-sacrifice.  The Doctrine and Covenants admonishes the saints to “look to the poor and the needy, and administer to their relief that they shall not suffer” (D&C 38:35).  Specifically we read that the law of consecration is designed “to administer to the poor and the needy” (D&C 42:35)  “And it is my purpose to provide for my saints, for all things are mine.  But it must needs be done in mine own way; and behold this is the way that I, the Lord, have decreed to provide for my saints, that the poor shall be exalted, in that the rich are made low.”  A brief review of the accomplishments of the co-op produces an impressive spreadsheet with assets in excess of 200 million dollars.  But it is unclear how such assets are exalting the poor or making the rich low.  In fact, the leaders of the co-op just seem to be getting richer and the poor get essentially ignored.  It may be that the co-op is trying to help the poor in some anonymous way, but there seems to be little evidence to support it.  In fact it seems that among Mormon fundamentalists, the Kingstons often the most comfortable withholding support from their plural wives, forcing them to live in poverty.[37]

In addition, placing the law of consecration at the pinnacle of divine laws is inconsistent with scripture and restoration history.  We recall that Joseph Smith made no effort to implement the law of consecration while in Nauvoo (see D&C 105:34). Brigham Young waited until 1873, twenty-six years after arriving in Utah, to actively promote it and John Taylor ceased emphasizing it shortly after becoming Church President.

Some Kingston followers might justify their financial conglomerate by comparing it to the wealthy Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.  It is true that the LDS Church has collected tithes and offerings in the millions of dollars over the past decades.  But rather than amassing a fortune for the sake of accumulating wealth or to simply sustain a few selected leaders, donations flow into the Church coffers and out again to provide financial support for the accomplishment of the Church’s responsibilities.  President Spencer W. Kimball taught: “We are impressed that the mission of the Church is threefold:  

CTo proclaim the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people;

CTo perfect the Saints by preparing them to receive the ordinances of the gospel and by instruction and discipline to gain exaltation;

CTo redeem the dead by performing vicarious ordinances of the gospel for those who have lived on the earth. 

All three are part of one workCto assist our Father in Heaven and his Son, Jesus Christ, in their grand and glorious mission "to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man." (Moses 1:39.)”[38] Funds collected by the Church are used to construct church buildings and temples, to publish teaching materials, to support missionaries and to fulfill this three-fold mission. 

Questions Regarding the Law of Satisfaction

In 1935 Elden Kingston introduced the previously unknown Law of Satisfaction to the world.  Crucial to its design is the assignment of numbers to male members and then a complete submission of each man to all the men superior to him.  Showing respect for Church leaders is important, but the Savior counseled:  

And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.

And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.

For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth. (Luke 22:14, 24-27.) 

Alma the elder taught: “Ye shall not esteem one flesh above another, or one man shall not think himself above another” (Mosiah 23:7).  To Joseph Smith the Lord revealed simply: “Exalt not yourselves” (D&C 112:15).  The apostle Peter observed: “Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him” (Acts 10:34-35).  Righteousness is the sole criteria for God’s blessings.  Initial participants in the Law of Satisfaction might have been very righteous but the system seems flawed because subsequent leaders appear to inherit the role primarily based on family ties.

          The assignment of hierarchical numbers within a united order setting would naturally limit the number of people who could be associated with that order.  If more than a few dozen people joined, how would participants keep straight who presided over whom?  If hundreds or thousands became members, the need to honor complete strangers “as Christ” could cause havoc.  The system introduced by Elden seems to have built-in limitations that seem inconsistent with the restored gospel that is destined to expand “until it has filled the whole earth” (D&C 65:2).

Regarding the number men within the co-op, Charles W. Kingston instructed:  “In a few places in the scriptures it describes all those who have been tried and passed the tests and the Lord has accepted their sacrifice.  These favored ones are very few and in this work there had to be at least one person that could fill this requirement before he could go out and preach.”[39]  Here Charles suggests that a small number of righteous men obeying the Law of Satisfaction are required before missionary work could be accomplished.  As we have observed, the Kingstons send out no missionaries.  They claim to have “passed the tests” and to hold the priesthood keys but do not exercise them to gather scattered Israel.

Elden Passes On

  Elden Kingston believed himself to be of a special lineage connecting directly to Jesus Christ.  In 1947 he taught:  "With my divine birthright, I have unlimited health, knowledge, intelligence, sympathy, tolerance, realization, ambition, courage, patience, vitality, forgiveness, perseverance, energy, obedience, joy, satisfaction, cleanliness, beauty, confidence, determination and independence, which cause my personality to penetrate and influence all of God's creations...  All is a result of my continued fasting, rejoicing and prayer..."[1]  The following year he was diagnosed with cancer and as he suffered he approached his father saying: "I am so tired and weary that I will have to turn everything over to brother Clyde Gustafson.  I am going to move my family down to Elmo, Nevada and try to get away from it all."[2]  He eventually succumbed leaving five wives, Ethel, Afton, Mary, Marion, and Grace and seventeen children including Carl Elden Kingston, current legal advisor to the group.[3]


[1]    Charles Elden Kingston, “Perfecting Meditations,” mimeographed sheet, 1947.

[2]. “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 242, spelling standardized, names expanded.

[3].  Interview conducted by the author with a former member of the Co-op January 10, 2006.  See also Kathleen Tracy, Secret Story of Polygamy, 103.

 


[1].I have been unable to identify the man Elden approached in 1934.  Section 42 of the Doctrine and Covenants specifies that the receiver of consecrated properties must be an authorized “bishop” of the Church (verses 31, 32, 33, 34), suggesting that a free lance movement would not be acceptable to the Lord.  Regardless, Elden might have approached his friend and fellow fundamentalist, J. Leslie Broadbent.  However Lorin Woolley left no teachings encouraging his listeners to join together in a united order atmosphere.  Broadbent, as Woolley’s successor, continued this policy during his six month leadership (September 30, 1934 to March 16, 1935).  John Y. Barlow, who followed Broadbent, departed from this tradition but did not take control of the Priesthood Council until months after Elden Kingston’s January first, 1935 experience. 

[2].Charles William Kingston, “Reminiscences of Brother Charles Kingston,” 7-8.

[3].Charles William Kingston, “Reminiscences of Brother Charles Kingston,” 7-8.

[4]. “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 264, spelling and punctuation standardized.

[5].”Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 141-142, spelling and punctuation standardized.

[6]. “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 141, spelling and punctuation standardized.

[7] .Charles Elden Kingston discourse, “1940 New Years Meeting, 8:40 a.m. to 12:30 a.m.” 1, 8.

[8]    Charles Elden Kingston discourse, “1940 New Years Meeting, 8:40 a.m. to 12:30 a.m.”, 11.  (Emphasis in original.)

[9].  “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 37, 40, 212, 214, spelling standardized

[10]    Charles Elden Kingston discourse, “1940 New Years Meeting, 8:40 a.m. to 12:30 a.m.” 8.  (Emphasis in original.)  See also page 10.

[11]  Charles Elden Kingston discourse, “1940 New Years Meeting, 8:40 a.m. to 12:30 a.m.”, 11.  (Emphasis in original; spelling and punctuation standardized.)

[12].    “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 84-85, spelling standardized.

[13]. “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 149, spelling and punctuation standardized.

[14]. Carol Brown, “In the Ways of the Lord,” 4, Privately published, n.d (after 1948).  Copy in possession of the author.

[15]. Carol Brown, “The Law of Satisfaction to Me,” 1-3.  Included with “In the Way of the Lord,” Privately published, n.d.  Copy in possession of the author.

[16].    Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 86, spelling standardized.

[17]. Interview by the author with former Kingston members, January 8, 2006. 

[18]. It appears that “Otto Holm” is Carl Otto Holm, born in 1873.  His son, Carl Otto Nathaniel Holm (b. 1917), was called in 1946 by John Y. Barlow as a member of the Priesthood Council.  (Ancestral File for dates.)

[19]. “The Teton Trip and What Followed,” In “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 99, 232-33, names expanded from abbreviations and to include surnames.

[20]. Interview by the author with former Kingston members, January 8, 2006. 

[21].  Prayer seeking the Lord’s vengeance upon Charles’ enemies written March 20, 1960.  Typescript in “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 59. 

[22]  Articles of Incorporation of the Davis County Cooperative Society, 7 February 1941.  In Shields, Divergent Paths, 134-35.

[23]. “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 143, spelling and punctuation standardized.

[24].  Hilton, “Polygamy in Utah Since the Manifesto,” 38.

[25]. Charles Willliam Kingston, “My Life’s History, 18C.

[26].  Interview conducted by the author with several former members of the Kingston group, January 8, 2006.

[27].  “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 41, spelling standardized.

[28].   Charles William Kingston, “My Life History,” 18C; spelling and punctuation standardized. 

[29].   Charles William Kingston, “My Life History,” 18C; spelling and punctuation standardized.

[30].   Charles William Kingston, “My Life History,” 18B; spelling and punctuation standardized.

[31].  Wright, “Origins and Development,” 58.

[32].  Charles William Kingston, “Reminiscences of Brother Charles Kingston,” 8.

[33].  Orson F. Whitney, Saturday Night Thoughts; A Series of Dissertations on Spiritual, Historical and Philosophic Themes. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1921, 93. [Need to add to Bibliography.]

[34].  John Taylor, The Gospel Kingdom, 101‑02.

[35]    Charles Elden Kingston discourse, “1940 New Years Meeting, 8:40 a.m. to 12:30 a.m.”, 11.  (Emphasis in original.)

[36].  “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 203, spelling standardized.

[37].  Kathleen Tracy, Secret Story, 99.

[38]. Edwin L. Kimball, ed. The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1982, 434-35.  Excerpt from “A Report of My Stewardship,” in General Conference, Ensign (May 1981), 5.

[39].  “Autobiography of Charles W. Kingston,” 275, spelling standardized.